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Author Lluis Gomez; Anguelos Nicolaou; Marçal Rusiñol; Dimosthenis Karatzas edit  openurl
  Title 12 years of ICDAR Robust Reading Competitions: The evolution of reading systems for unconstrained text understanding Type Book Chapter
  Year (down) 2020 Publication Visual Text Interpretation – Algorithms and Applications in Scene Understanding and Document Analysis Abbreviated Journal  
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  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer Place of Publication Editor K. Alahari; C.V. Jawahar  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Series on Advances in Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes DAG; 600.121 Approved no  
  Call Number GNR2020 Serial 3494  
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Author Lluis Gomez; Dena Bazazian; Dimosthenis Karatzas edit  openurl
  Title Historical review of scene text detection research Type Book Chapter
  Year (down) 2020 Publication Visual Text Interpretation – Algorithms and Applications in Scene Understanding and Document Analysis Abbreviated Journal  
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  Abstract  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer Place of Publication Editor K. Alahari; C.V. Jawahar  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Series on Advances in Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes DAG; 600.121 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ GBK2020 Serial 3495  
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Author Manuel Carbonell edit  isbn
openurl 
  Title Neural Information Extraction from Semi-structured Documents A Type Book Whole
  Year (down) 2020 Publication PhD Thesis, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona-CVC Abbreviated Journal  
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  Abstract Sectors as fintech, legaltech or insurance process an inflow of millions of forms, invoices, id documents, claims or similar every day. Together with these, historical archives provide gigantic amounts of digitized documents containing useful information that needs to be stored in machine encoded text with a meaningful structure. This procedure, known as information extraction (IE) comprises the steps of localizing and recognizing text, identifying named entities contained in it and optionally finding relationships among its elements. In this work we explore multi-task neural models at image and graph level to solve all steps in a unified way. While doing so we find benefits and limitations of these end-to-end approaches in comparison with sequential separate methods. More specifically, we first propose a method to produce textual as well as semantic labels with a unified model from handwritten text line images. We do so with the use of a convolutional recurrent neural model trained with connectionist temporal classification to predict the textual as well as semantic information encoded in the images. Secondly, motivated by the success of this approach we investigate the unification of the localization and recognition tasks of handwritten text in full pages with an end-to-end model, observing benefits in doing so. Having two models that tackle information extraction subsequent task pairs in an end-to-end to end manner, we lastly contribute with a method to put them all together in a single neural network to solve the whole information extraction pipeline in a unified way. Doing so we observe some benefits and some limitations in the approach, suggesting that in certain cases it is beneficial to train specialized models that excel at a single challenging task of the information extraction process, as it can be the recognition of named entities or the extraction of relationships between them. For this reason we lastly study the use of the recently arrived graph neural network architectures for the semantic tasks of the information extraction process, which are recognition of named entities and relation extraction, achieving promising results on the relation extraction part.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis Ph.D. thesis  
  Publisher Ediciones Graficas Rey Place of Publication Editor Alicia Fornes;Mauricio Villegas;Josep Llados  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN 978-84-122714-1-6 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes DAG; 600.121 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ Car20 Serial 3483  
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Author Manuel Carbonell; Alicia Fornes; Mauricio Villegas; Josep Llados edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title A Neural Model for Text Localization, Transcription and Named Entity Recognition in Full Pages Type Journal Article
  Year (down) 2020 Publication Pattern Recognition Letters Abbreviated Journal PRL  
  Volume 136 Issue Pages 219-227  
  Keywords  
  Abstract In the last years, the consolidation of deep neural network architectures for information extraction in document images has brought big improvements in the performance of each of the tasks involved in this process, consisting of text localization, transcription, and named entity recognition. However, this process is traditionally performed with separate methods for each task. In this work we propose an end-to-end model that combines a one stage object detection network with branches for the recognition of text and named entities respectively in a way that shared features can be learned simultaneously from the training error of each of the tasks. By doing so the model jointly performs handwritten text detection, transcription, and named entity recognition at page level with a single feed forward step. We exhaustively evaluate our approach on different datasets, discussing its advantages and limitations compared to sequential approaches. The results show that the model is capable of benefiting from shared features by simultaneously solving interdependent tasks.  
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  Notes DAG; 600.140; 601.311; 600.121 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ CFV2020 Serial 3451  
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Author Manuel Carbonell; Pau Riba; Mauricio Villegas; Alicia Fornes; Josep Llados edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title Named Entity Recognition and Relation Extraction with Graph Neural Networks in Semi Structured Documents Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 2020 Publication 25th International Conference on Pattern Recognition Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
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  Abstract The use of administrative documents to communicate and leave record of business information requires of methods
able to automatically extract and understand the content from
such documents in a robust and efficient way. In addition,
the semi-structured nature of these reports is specially suited
for the use of graph-based representations which are flexible
enough to adapt to the deformations from the different document
templates. Moreover, Graph Neural Networks provide the proper
methodology to learn relations among the data elements in
these documents. In this work we study the use of Graph
Neural Network architectures to tackle the problem of entity
recognition and relation extraction in semi-structured documents.
Our approach achieves state of the art results in the three
tasks involved in the process. Additionally, the experimentation
with two datasets of different nature demonstrates the good
generalization ability of our approach.
 
  Address Virtual; January 2021  
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  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ICPR  
  Notes DAG; 600.121 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ CRV2020 Serial 3509  
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Author Minesh Mathew; Ruben Tito; Dimosthenis Karatzas; R.Manmatha; C.V. Jawahar edit   pdf
url  openurl
  Title Document Visual Question Answering Challenge 2020 Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 2020 Publication 33rd IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition – Short paper Abbreviated Journal  
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  Abstract This paper presents results of Document Visual Question Answering Challenge organized as part of “Text and Documents in the Deep Learning Era” workshop, in CVPR 2020. The challenge introduces a new problem – Visual Question Answering on document images. The challenge comprised two tasks. The first task concerns with asking questions on a single document image. On the other hand, the second task is set as a retrieval task where the question is posed over a collection of images. For the task 1 a new dataset is introduced comprising 50,000 questions-answer(s) pairs defined over 12,767 document images. For task 2 another dataset has been created comprising 20 questions over 14,362 document images which share the same document template.  
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  Area Expedition Conference CVPR  
  Notes DAG; 600.121 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ MTK2020 Serial 3558  
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Author Mohamed Ali Souibgui; Y.Kessentini; Alicia Fornes edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title A conditional GAN based approach for distorted camera captured documents recovery Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 2020 Publication 4th Mediterranean Conference on Pattern Recognition and Artificial Intelligence Abbreviated Journal  
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  Address Virtual; December 2020  
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  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference MedPRAI  
  Notes DAG; 600.121 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ SKF2020 Serial 3450  
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Author Oriol Ramos Terrades; Albert Berenguel; Debora Gil edit   pdf
url  openurl
  Title A flexible outlier detector based on a topology given by graph communities Type Miscellaneous
  Year (down) 2020 Publication Arxiv Abbreviated Journal  
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  Abstract Outlier, or anomaly, detection is essential for optimal performance of machine learning methods and statistical predictive models. It is not just a technical step in a data cleaning process but a key topic in many fields such as fraudulent document detection, in medical applications and assisted diagnosis systems or detecting security threats. In contrast to population-based methods, neighborhood based local approaches are simple flexible methods that have the potential to perform well in small sample size unbalanced problems. However, a main concern of local approaches is the impact that the computation of each sample neighborhood has on the method performance. Most approaches use a distance in the feature space to define a single neighborhood that requires careful selection of several parameters. This work presents a local approach based on a local measure of the heterogeneity of sample labels in the feature space considered as a topological manifold. Topology is computed using the communities of a weighted graph codifying mutual nearest neighbors in the feature space. This way, we provide with a set of multiple neighborhoods able to describe the structure of complex spaces without parameter fine tuning. The extensive experiments on real-world data sets show that our approach overall outperforms, both, local and global strategies in multi and single view settings.  
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  Notes IAM; DAG; 600.139; 600.145; 600.140; 600.121 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ RBG2020 Serial 3475  
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Author Pau Riba edit  isbn
openurl 
  Title Distilling Structure from Imagery: Graph-based Models for the Interpretation of Document Images Type Book Whole
  Year (down) 2020 Publication PhD Thesis, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona-CVC Abbreviated Journal  
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  Abstract From its early stages, the community of Pattern Recognition and Computer Vision has considered the importance of leveraging the structural information when understanding images. Usually, graphs have been proposed as a suitable model to represent this kind of information due to their flexibility and representational power able to codify both, the components, objects, or entities and their pairwise relationship. Even though graphs have been successfully applied to a huge variety of tasks, as a result of their symbolic and relational nature, graphs have always suffered from some limitations compared to statistical approaches. Indeed, some trivial mathematical operations do not have an equivalence in the graph domain. For instance, in the core of many pattern recognition applications, there is a need to compare two objects. This operation, which is trivial when considering feature vectors defined in \(\mathbb{R}^n\), is not properly defined for graphs.


In this thesis, we have investigated the importance of the structural information from two perspectives, the traditional graph-based methods and the new advances on Geometric Deep Learning. On the one hand, we explore the problem of defining a graph representation and how to deal with it on a large scale and noisy scenario. On the other hand, Graph Neural Networks are proposed to first redefine a Graph Edit Distance methodologies as a metric learning problem, and second, to apply them in a real use case scenario for the detection of repetitive patterns which define tables in invoice documents. As experimental framework, we have validated the different methodological contributions in the domain of Document Image Analysis and Recognition.
 
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis Ph.D. thesis  
  Publisher Ediciones Graficas Rey Place of Publication Editor Josep Llados;Alicia Fornes  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN 978-84-121011-6-4 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes DAG; 600.121 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ Rib20 Serial 3478  
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Author Pau Riba; Andreas Fischer; Josep Llados; Alicia Fornes edit   pdf
url  openurl
  Title Learning Graph Edit Distance by Graph NeuralNetworks Type Miscellaneous
  Year (down) 2020 Publication Arxiv Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
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  Abstract The emergence of geometric deep learning as a novel framework to deal with graph-based representations has faded away traditional approaches in favor of completely new methodologies. In this paper, we propose a new framework able to combine the advances on deep metric learning with traditional approximations of the graph edit distance. Hence, we propose an efficient graph distance based on the novel field of geometric deep learning. Our method employs a message passing neural network to capture the graph structure, and thus, leveraging this information for its use on a distance computation. The performance of the proposed graph distance is validated on two different scenarios. On the one hand, in a graph retrieval of handwritten words~\ie~keyword spotting, showing its superior performance when compared with (approximate) graph edit distance benchmarks. On the other hand, demonstrating competitive results for graph similarity learning when compared with the current state-of-the-art on a recent benchmark dataset.  
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  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes DAG; 600.121; 600.140; 601.302 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ RFL2020 Serial 3555  
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