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Author Jiaolong Xu; David Vazquez; Antonio Lopez; Javier Marin; Daniel Ponsa edit   pdf
doi  isbn
openurl 
  Title Learning a Part-based Pedestrian Detector in Virtual World Type Journal Article
  Year 2014 Publication IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems Abbreviated Journal TITS  
  Volume 15 Issue 5 Pages 2121-2131  
  Keywords Domain Adaptation; Pedestrian Detection; Virtual Worlds  
  Abstract Detecting pedestrians with on-board vision systems is of paramount interest for assisting drivers to prevent vehicle-to-pedestrian accidents. The core of a pedestrian detector is its classification module, which aims at deciding if a given image window contains a pedestrian. Given the difficulty of this task, many classifiers have been proposed during the last fifteen years. Among them, the so-called (deformable) part-based classifiers including multi-view modeling are usually top ranked in accuracy. Training such classifiers is not trivial since a proper aspect clustering and spatial part alignment of the pedestrian training samples are crucial for obtaining an accurate classifier. In this paper, first we perform automatic aspect clustering and part alignment by using virtual-world pedestrians, i.e., human annotations are not required. Second, we use a mixture-of-parts approach that allows part sharing among different aspects. Third, these proposals are integrated in a learning framework which also allows to incorporate real-world training data to perform domain adaptation between virtual- and real-world cameras. Overall, the obtained results on four popular on-board datasets show that our proposal clearly outperforms the state-of-the-art deformable part-based detector known as latent SVM.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1931-0587 ISBN 978-1-4673-2754-1 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes ADAS; 600.076 Approved no  
  Call Number ADAS @ adas @ XVL2014 Serial (down) 2433  
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Author Naveen Onkarappa; Angel Sappa edit  doi
openurl 
  Title Speed and Texture: An Empirical Study on Optical-Flow Accuracy in ADAS Scenarios Type Journal Article
  Year 2014 Publication IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems Abbreviated Journal TITS  
  Volume 15 Issue 1 Pages 136-147  
  Keywords  
  Abstract IF: 3.064
Increasing mobility in everyday life has led to the concern for the safety of automotives and human life. Computer vision has become a valuable tool for developing driver assistance applications that target such a concern. Many such vision-based assisting systems rely on motion estimation, where optical flow has shown its potential. A variational formulation of optical flow that achieves a dense flow field involves a data term and regularization terms. Depending on the image sequence, the regularization has to appropriately be weighted for better accuracy of the flow field. Because a vehicle can be driven in different kinds of environments, roads, and speeds, optical-flow estimation has to be accurately computed in all such scenarios. In this paper, we first present the polar representation of optical flow, which is quite suitable for driving scenarios due to the possibility that it offers to independently update regularization factors in different directional components. Then, we study the influence of vehicle speed and scene texture on optical-flow accuracy. Furthermore, we analyze the relationships of these specific characteristics on a driving scenario (vehicle speed and road texture) with the regularization weights in optical flow for better accuracy. As required by the work in this paper, we have generated several synthetic sequences along with ground-truth flow fields.
 
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1524-9050 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes ADAS; 600.076 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ OnS2014a Serial (down) 2386  
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Author Jaume Amores edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title MILDE: multiple instance learning by discriminative embedding Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Knowledge and Information Systems Abbreviated Journal KAIS  
  Volume 42 Issue 2 Pages 381-407  
  Keywords Multi-instance learning; Codebook; Bag of words  
  Abstract While the objective of the standard supervised learning problem is to classify feature vectors, in the multiple instance learning problem, the objective is to classify bags, where each bag contains multiple feature vectors. This represents a generalization of the standard problem, and this generalization becomes necessary in many real applications such as drug activity prediction, content-based image retrieval, and others. While the existing paradigms are based on learning the discriminant information either at the instance level or at the bag level, we propose to incorporate both levels of information. This is done by defining a discriminative embedding of the original space based on the responses of cluster-adapted instance classifiers. Results clearly show the advantage of the proposed method over the state of the art, where we tested the performance through a variety of well-known databases that come from real problems, and we also included an analysis of the performance using synthetically generated data.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer London Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0219-1377 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes ADAS; 601.042; 600.057; 600.076 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ Amo2015 Serial (down) 2383  
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Author Lluis Pere de las Heras; Ahmed Sheraz; Marcus Liwicki; Ernest Valveny; Gemma Sanchez edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Statistical Segmentation and Structural Recognition for Floor Plan Interpretation Type Journal Article
  Year 2014 Publication International Journal on Document Analysis and Recognition Abbreviated Journal IJDAR  
  Volume 17 Issue 3 Pages 221-237  
  Keywords  
  Abstract A generic method for floor plan analysis and interpretation is presented in this article. The method, which is mainly inspired by the way engineers draw and interpret floor plans, applies two recognition steps in a bottom-up manner. First, basic building blocks, i.e., walls, doors, and windows are detected using a statistical patch-based segmentation approach. Second, a graph is generated, and structural pattern recognition techniques are applied to further locate the main entities, i.e., rooms of the building. The proposed approach is able to analyze any type of floor plan regardless of the notation used. We have evaluated our method on different publicly available datasets of real architectural floor plans with different notations. The overall detection and recognition accuracy is about 95 %, which is significantly better than any other state-of-the-art method. Our approach is generic enough such that it could be easily adopted to the recognition and interpretation of any other printed machine-generated structured documents.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer Berlin Heidelberg Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1433-2833 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes DAG; ADAS; 600.076; 600.077 Approved no  
  Call Number HSL2014 Serial (down) 2370  
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Author Fahad Shahbaz Khan; Muhammad Anwer Rao; Joost Van de Weijer; Andrew Bagdanov; Antonio Lopez; Michael Felsberg edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Coloring Action Recognition in Still Images Type Journal Article
  Year 2013 Publication International Journal of Computer Vision Abbreviated Journal IJCV  
  Volume 105 Issue 3 Pages 205-221  
  Keywords  
  Abstract In this article we investigate the problem of human action recognition in static images. By action recognition we intend a class of problems which includes both action classification and action detection (i.e. simultaneous localization and classification). Bag-of-words image representations yield promising results for action classification, and deformable part models perform very well object detection. The representations for action recognition typically use only shape cues and ignore color information. Inspired by the recent success of color in image classification and object detection, we investigate the potential of color for action classification and detection in static images. We perform a comprehensive evaluation of color descriptors and fusion approaches for action recognition. Experiments were conducted on the three datasets most used for benchmarking action recognition in still images: Willow, PASCAL VOC 2010 and Stanford-40. Our experiments demonstrate that incorporating color information considerably improves recognition performance, and that a descriptor based on color names outperforms pure color descriptors. Our experiments demonstrate that late fusion of color and shape information outperforms other approaches on action recognition. Finally, we show that the different color–shape fusion approaches result in complementary information and combining them yields state-of-the-art performance for action classification.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer US Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0920-5691 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes CIC; ADAS; 600.057; 600.048 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ KRW2013 Serial (down) 2285  
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Author David Vazquez; Javier Marin; Antonio Lopez; Daniel Ponsa; David Geronimo edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Virtual and Real World Adaptation for Pedestrian Detection Type Journal Article
  Year 2014 Publication IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence Abbreviated Journal TPAMI  
  Volume 36 Issue 4 Pages 797-809  
  Keywords Domain Adaptation; Pedestrian Detection  
  Abstract Pedestrian detection is of paramount interest for many applications. Most promising detectors rely on discriminatively learnt classifiers, i.e., trained with annotated samples. However, the annotation step is a human intensive and subjective task worth to be minimized. By using virtual worlds we can automatically obtain precise and rich annotations. Thus, we face the question: can a pedestrian appearance model learnt in realistic virtual worlds work successfully for pedestrian detection in realworld images?. Conducted experiments show that virtual-world based training can provide excellent testing accuracy in real world, but it can also suffer the dataset shift problem as real-world based training does. Accordingly, we have designed a domain adaptation framework, V-AYLA, in which we have tested different techniques to collect a few pedestrian samples from the target domain (real world) and combine them with the many examples of the source domain (virtual world) in order to train a domain adapted pedestrian classifier that will operate in the target domain. V-AYLA reports the same detection accuracy than when training with many human-provided pedestrian annotations and testing with real-world images of the same domain. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first work demonstrating adaptation of virtual and real worlds for developing an object detector.  
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  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0162-8828 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes ADAS; 600.057; 600.054; 600.076 Approved no  
  Call Number ADAS @ adas @ VML2014 Serial (down) 2275  
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Author Jaume Amores edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Multiple Instance Classification: review, taxonomy and comparative study Type Journal Article
  Year 2013 Publication Artificial Intelligence Abbreviated Journal AI  
  Volume 201 Issue Pages 81-105  
  Keywords Multi-instance learning; Codebook; Bag-of-Words  
  Abstract Multiple Instance Learning (MIL) has become an important topic in the pattern recognition community, and many solutions to this problemhave been proposed until now. Despite this fact, there is a lack of comparative studies that shed light into the characteristics and behavior of the different methods. In this work we provide such an analysis focused on the classification task (i.e.,leaving out other learning tasks such as regression). In order to perform our study, we implemented
fourteen methods grouped into three different families. We analyze the performance of the approaches across a variety of well-known databases, and we also study their behavior in synthetic scenarios in order to highlight their characteristics. As a result of this analysis, we conclude that methods that extract global bag-level information show a clearly superior performance in general. In this sense, the analysis permits us to understand why some types of methods are more successful than others, and it permits us to establish guidelines in the design of new MIL
methods.
 
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Elsevier Science Publishers Ltd. Essex, UK Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0004-3702 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes ADAS; 601.042; 600.057 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ Amo2013 Serial (down) 2273  
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Author Jose Manuel Alvarez; Theo Gevers; Ferran Diego; Antonio Lopez edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Road Geometry Classification by Adaptative Shape Models Type Journal Article
  Year 2013 Publication IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems Abbreviated Journal TITS  
  Volume 14 Issue 1 Pages 459-468  
  Keywords road detection  
  Abstract Vision-based road detection is important for different applications in transportation, such as autonomous driving, vehicle collision warning, and pedestrian crossing detection. Common approaches to road detection are based on low-level road appearance (e.g., color or texture) and neglect of the scene geometry and context. Hence, using only low-level features makes these algorithms highly depend on structured roads, road homogeneity, and lighting conditions. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to classify road geometries for road detection through the analysis of scene composition and temporal coherence. Road geometry classification is proposed by building corresponding models from training images containing prototypical road geometries. We propose adaptive shape models where spatial pyramids are steered by the inherent spatial structure of road images. To reduce the influence of lighting variations, invariant features are used. Large-scale experiments show that the proposed road geometry classifier yields a high recognition rate of 73.57% ± 13.1, clearly outperforming other state-of-the-art methods. Including road shape information improves road detection results over existing appearance-based methods. Finally, it is shown that invariant features and temporal information provide robustness against disturbing imaging conditions.  
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  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1524-9050 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes ADAS;ISE Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ AGD2013;; ADAS @ adas @ Serial (down) 2269  
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Author Fernando Barrera; Felipe Lumbreras; Angel Sappa edit  url
doi  openurl
  Title Multispectral Piecewise Planar Stereo using Manhattan-World Assumption Type Journal Article
  Year 2013 Publication Pattern Recognition Letters Abbreviated Journal PRL  
  Volume 34 Issue 1 Pages 52-61  
  Keywords Multispectral stereo rig; Dense disparity maps from multispectral stereo; Color and infrared images  
  Abstract This paper proposes a new framework for extracting dense disparity maps from a multispectral stereo rig. The system is constructed with an infrared and a color camera. It is intended to explore novel multispectral stereo matching approaches that will allow further extraction of semantic information. The proposed framework consists of three stages. Firstly, an initial sparse disparity map is generated by using a cost function based on feature matching in a multiresolution scheme. Then, by looking at the color image, a set of planar hypotheses is defined to describe the surfaces on the scene. Finally, the previous stages are combined by reformulating the disparity computation as a global minimization problem. The paper has two main contributions. The first contribution combines mutual information with a shape descriptor based on gradient in a multiresolution scheme. The second contribution, which is based on the Manhattan-world assumption, extracts a dense disparity representation using the graph cut algorithm. Experimental results in outdoor scenarios are provided showing the validity of the proposed framework.  
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  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
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  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes ADAS; 600.054; 600.055; 605.203 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ BLS2013 Serial (down) 2245  
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Author Naveen Onkarappa; Angel Sappa edit  doi
openurl 
  Title A Novel Space Variant Image Representation Type Journal Article
  Year 2013 Publication Journal of Mathematical Imaging and Vision Abbreviated Journal JMIV  
  Volume 47 Issue 1-2 Pages 48-59  
  Keywords Space-variant representation; Log-polar mapping; Onboard vision applications  
  Abstract Traditionally, in machine vision images are represented using cartesian coordinates with uniform sampling along the axes. On the contrary, biological vision systems represent images using polar coordinates with non-uniform sampling. For various advantages provided by space-variant representations many researchers are interested in space-variant computer vision. In this direction the current work proposes a novel and simple space variant representation of images. The proposed representation is compared with the classical log-polar mapping. The log-polar representation is motivated by biological vision having the characteristic of higher resolution at the fovea and reduced resolution at the periphery. On the contrary to the log-polar, the proposed new representation has higher resolution at the periphery and lower resolution at the fovea. Our proposal is proved to be a better representation in navigational scenarios such as driver assistance systems and robotics. The experimental results involve analysis of optical flow fields computed on both proposed and log-polar representations. Additionally, an egomotion estimation application is also shown as an illustrative example. The experimental analysis comprises results from synthetic as well as real sequences.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer US Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0924-9907 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes ADAS; 600.055; 605.203; 601.215 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ OnS2013a Serial (down) 2243  
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