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Author Debora Gil; Jaume Garcia; Manuel Vazquez; Ruth Aris; Guillaume Houzeaux edit   pdf
url  openurl
  Title Patient-Sensitive Anatomic and Functional 3D Model of the Left Ventricle Function Type Conference Article
  Year 2008 Publication 8th World Congress on Computational Mechanichs (WCCM8)/5th European Congress on Computational Methods in Applied Sciences and Engineering (ECCOMAS 2008) Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages (down)  
  Keywords Left Ventricle; Electromechanical Models; Image Processing; Magnetic Resonance.  
  Abstract Early diagnosis and accurate treatment of Left Ventricle (LV) dysfunction significantly increases the patient survival. Impairment of LV contractility due to cardiovascular diseases is reflected in its motion patterns. Recent advances in medical imaging, such as Magnetic Resonance (MR), have encouraged research on 3D simulation and modelling of the LV dynamics. Most of the existing 3D models consider just the gross anatomy of the LV and restore a truncated ellipse which deforms along the cardiac cycle. The contraction mechanics of any muscle strongly depends on the spatial orientation of its muscular fibers since the motion that the muscle undergoes mainly takes place along the fibers. It follows that such simplified models do not allow evaluation of the heart electro-mechanical function and coupling, which has recently risen as the key point for understanding the LV functionality . In order to thoroughly understand the LV mechanics it is necessary to consider the complete anatomy of the LV given by the orientation of the myocardial fibres in 3D space as described by Torrent Guasp. We propose developing a 3D patient-sensitive model of the LV integrating, for the first time, the ven- tricular band anatomy (fibers orientation), the LV gross anatomy and its functionality. Such model will represent the LV function as a natural consequence of its own ventricular band anatomy. This might be decisive in restoring a proper LV contraction in patients undergoing pace marker treatment. The LV function is defined as soon as the propagation of the contractile electromechanical pulse has been modelled. In our experiments we have used the wave equation for the propagation of the electric pulse. The electromechanical wave moves on the myocardial surface and should have a conductivity tensor oriented along the muscular fibers. Thus, whatever mathematical model for electric pulse propa- gation [4] we consider, the complete anatomy of the LV should be extracted. The LV gross anatomy is obtained by processing multi slice MR images recorded for each patient. Information about the myocardial fibers distribution can only be extracted by Diffusion Tensor Imag- ing (DTI), which can not provide in vivo information for each patient. As a first approach, we have computed an average model of fibers from several DTI studies of canine hearts. This rough anatomy is the input for our electro-mechanical propagation model simulating LV dynamics. The average fiber orientation is updated until the simulated LV motion agrees with the experimental evidence provided by the LV motion observed in tagged MR (TMR) sequences. Experimental LV motion is recovered by applying image processing, differential geometry and interpolation techniques to 2D TMR slices [5]. The pipeline in figure 1 outlines the interaction between simulations and experimental data leading to our patient-tailored model.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Venezia (Italia) Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN B-31470-08 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GGV2008c Serial 1521  
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Author Debora Gil; Aura Hernandez-Sabate; Antoni Carol; Oriol Rodriguez; Petia Radeva edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title A Deterministic-Statistic Adventitia Detection in IVUS Images Type Conference Article
  Year 2005 Publication ESC Congress Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages (down)  
  Keywords Electron microscopy; Unbending; 2D crystal; Interpolation; Approximation  
  Abstract Plaque analysis in IVUS planes needs accurate intima and adventitia models. Large variety in adventitia descriptors difficulties its detection and motivates using a classification strategy for selecting points on the structure. Whatever the set of descriptors used, the selection stage suffers from fake responses due to noise and uncompleted true curves. In order to smooth background noise while strengthening responses, we apply a restricted anisotropic filter that homogenizes grey levels along the image significant structures. Candidate points are extracted by means of a simple semi supervised adaptive classification of the filtered image response to edge and calcium detectors. The final model is obtained by interpolating the former line segments with an anisotropic contour closing technique based on functional extension principles.  
  Address Stockholm; Sweden; September 2005  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication ,Sweden (EU) Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ESC  
  Notes IAM;MILAB Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ RMF2005a Serial 1523  
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Author Debora Gil; Petia Radeva; Jordi Saludes; Josefina Mauri edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title Automatic Segmentation of Artery Wall in Coronary IVUS Images: a Probabilistic Approach Type Conference Article
  Year 2000 Publication Proceedings of CIC’2000 Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages (down)  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Intravascular ultrasound images represent a unique tool to analyze the morphology of arteries and vessels (plaques, restenosis, etc). The poor quality of these images makes unsupervised segmentation based on traditional segmentation algorithms (such as edge or ridge/valley detection) fail to achieve the expected results. In this paper we present a probabilistic flexible template to separate different regions in the image. In particular, we use elliptic templates to model and detect the shape of the vessel inner wall in IVUS images. We present the results of successful segmentation obtained from patients undergoing stent treatment. A physician team has validated these results.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Cambridge, Massachussets Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference CIC  
  Notes IAM;MILAB Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GRS2000 Serial 1538  
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Author Debora Gil; Petia Radeva; Fernando Vilariño edit   pdf
isbn  openurl
  Title Anisotropic Contour Completion Type Conference Article
  Year 2003 Publication Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Image Processing Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages (down)  
  Keywords  
  Abstract In this paper we introduce a novel application of the diffusion tensor for anisotropic image processing. The Anisotropic Contour Completion (ACC) we suggest consists in extending the characteristic function of the open curve by means of a degenerated diffusion tensor that prevents any diffusion in the normal direction. We show that ACC is equivalent to a dilation with a continuous elliptic structural element that takes into account the local orientation of the contours to be closed. Experiments on contours extracted from real images show that ACC produces shapes able to adapt to any curve in an active contour framework. 1.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Barcelona, Spain Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN 0-7803-7751-6 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM;MV;MILAB;SIAI Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GRV2003 Serial 1539  
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Author Josep Llados; Horst Bunke; Enric Marti edit  openurl
  Title Using cyclic string matching to find rotational and reflectional symmetric shapes Type Conference Article
  Year 1996 Publication Dagstuhl Seminar on Modelling and Planning for Sensor–based Intelligent Robot Systems Abbreviated Journal  
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  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher World Scientific Place of Publication Saarbrucken (Germany). Editor R.C. Bolles, H.B.H.N.  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes DAG;IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ LBM1996 Serial 1564  
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Author Josep Llados; Horst Bunke; Enric Marti edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title Structural Recognition of hand drawn floor plans Type Conference Article
  Year 1996 Publication VI National Symposium on Pattern Recognition and Image Analysis Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages (down)  
  Keywords Rotational Symmetry; Reflectional Symmetry; String Matching.  
  Abstract A system to recognize hand drawn architectural drawings in a CAD environment has been deve- loped. In this paper we focus on its high level interpretation module. To interpret a floor plan, the system must identify several building elements, whose description is stored in a library of pat- terns, as well as their spatial relationships. We propose a structural approach based on subgraph isomorphism techniques to obtain a high-level interpretation of the document. The vectorized input document and the patterns to be recognized are represented by attributed graphs. Discrete relaxation techniques (AC4 algorithm) have been applied to develop the matching algorithm. The process has been divided in three steps: node labeling, local consistency and global consistency verification. The hand drawn creation causes disturbed line drawings with several accuracy errors, which must be taken into account. Here we have identified them and the AC4 algorithm has been adapted to manage them.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Cordoba Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes DAG;IAM; Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ LIM1995 Serial 1565  
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Author Josep Llados; Enric Marti edit  openurl
  Title Playing with error-tolerant subgraph isomorphism in line drawings Type Conference Article
  Year 1997 Publication VII National Symposium on Pattern Recognition and image Analysis Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages (down)  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes DAG;IAM; Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ LlM1997 Serial 1570  
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Author Josep Llados; Enric Marti; Jordi Regincos edit  openurl
  Title Interpretación de diseños a mano alzada como técnica de entrada a un sistema CAD en un ámbito de arquitectura Type Conference Article
  Year 1993 Publication III National Conference on Computer Graphics Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages (down)  
  Keywords  
  Abstract En los últimos años, se ha introducido ámpliamente el uso de los sistemas CAD en dominios relacionados con la arquitectura. Dichos sistemas CAD son muy útiles para el arquitecto en el diseño de planos de plantas de edificios. Sin embargo, la utilización eficiente de un CAD requiere un tiempo de aprendizaje, en especial, en la etapa de creación y edición del diseño. Además, una vez familiarizado con un CAD, el arquitecto debe adaptarse a la simbología que éste le permite que, en algunos casos puede ser poco flexible.Con esta motivación, se propone una técnica alternativa de entrada de documentos en sistemas CAD. Dicha técnica se basa en el diseño del plano sobre papel mediante un dibujo lineal hecho a mano alzada a modo de boceto e introducido mediante scanner. Una vez interpretado este dibujo inicial e introducido en el CAD, el arquitecto sólo deber hacer sobre éste los retoques finales del documento.El sistema de entrada propuesto se compone de dos módulos principales: En primer lugar, la extracción de características (puntos característicos, rectas y arcos) de la imagen obtenida mediante scanner. En dicho módulo se aplican principalmente técnicas de procesamiento de imágenes obteniendo como resultado una representaci¢n del dibujo de entrada basada en grafos de atributos. El objetivo del segundo módulo es el de encontrar y reconocer las entidades integrantes del documento (puertas, mesas, etc.) en base a una biblioteca de símbolos definida en el sistema CAD. La implementación de dicho módulo se basa en técnicas de isomorfismo de grafos.El sistema propone una alternativa que permita, mediante el diseño a mano alzada, la introducción de la informaci¢n m s significativa del plano de forma rápida, sencilla y estandarizada por parte del usuario.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Granada Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes DAG;IAM; Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ LMR1993 Serial 1571  
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Author Josep Llados; Enric Marti edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title Interpretacio de dibuixos lineals mitjançant tècniques d isomorfisme entre grafs Type Conference Article
  Year 1995 Publication Trobada de Joves Investigadors Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages (down)  
  Keywords  
  Abstract L’anàlisi de documents té com a objectiu la interpretació automàtica de documents impresos sobre paper, amb la finalitat d’obtenir una descripció simbòlica d’aquests, que permeti el seu emmagatzemament i posterior tractament computacional. Les tècniques basades en grafs relacionals d’atributs permeten representar de manera compacta la informació continguda en dibuixos lineals i mitjançant mecanismes d’isomorfisme entre grafs, reconèixer-hi certes estructures i d’aquesta manera, interpretar el document. En aquest treball es dóna una visió general de les tènciques de grafs aplicades al reconeixement visual d’objectes en problemes d’anàlisi de documents. Aquestes tècniques s’il·lustren amb un exemple de reconeixement de plànols dibuixats a mà alçada. Finalment es proposa la utilització de tècniques de Hough com a mecanisme per accelerar el procés de reconeixement aplicant un cert coneixement sobre el domini en el que es treballa  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes DAG;IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ LlM1995 Serial 1578  
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Author Enric Marti; Jordi Regincos;Jaime Lopez-Krahe; Juan J.Villanueva edit  openurl
  Title Interpretación de dibujos lineales a mano alzada como objetos 3D Type Conference Article
  Year 1992 Publication V Simposium Nacional de Reconocimiento de Formas y Análisis de Imágenes Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages (down)  
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  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication València Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM;ISE Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ MRL1992 Serial 1601  
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