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Author Patricia Marquez;Debora Gil;Aura Hernandez-Sabate edit   pdf
doi  isbn
openurl 
  Title A Complete Confidence Framework for Optical Flow Type Conference Article
  Year 2012 Publication 12th European Conference on Computer Vision – Workshops and Demonstrations Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 7584 Issue 2 Pages 124-133  
  Keywords Optical flow, confidence measures, sparsification plots, error prediction plots  
  Abstract Medial representations are powerful tools for describing and parameterizing the volumetric shape of anatomical structures. Existing methods show excellent results when applied to 2D objects, but their quality drops across dimensions. This paper contributes to the computation of medial manifolds in two aspects. First, we provide a standard scheme for the computation of medial manifolds that avoid degenerated medial axis segments; second, we introduce an energy based method which performs independently of the dimension. We evaluate quantitatively the performance of our method with respect to existing approaches, by applying them to synthetic shapes of known medial geometry. Finally, we show results on shape representation of multiple abdominal organs, exploring the use of medial manifolds for the representation of multi-organ relations.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer-Verlag Place of Publication Florence, Italy, October 7-13, 2012 Editor (up) Andrea Fusiello, Vittorio Murino ,Rita Cucchiara  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title LNCS  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN 978-3-642-33867-0 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ECCVW  
  Notes IAM;ADAS; Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ MGH2012b Serial 1991  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Debora Gil; Agnes Borras; Manuel Ballester; Francesc Carreras; Ruth Aris; Manuel Vazquez; Enric Marti; Ferran Poveda edit   pdf
url  doi
isbn  openurl
  Title MIOCARDIA: Integrating cardiac function and muscular architecture for a better diagnosis Type Conference Article
  Year 2011 Publication 14th International Symposium on Applied Sciences in Biomedical and Communication Technologies Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Deep understanding of myocardial structure of the heart would unravel crucial knowledge for clinical and medical procedures. The MIOCARDIA project is a multidisciplinary project in cooperation with l'Hospital de la Santa Creu i de Sant Pau, Clinica la Creu Blanca and Barcelona Supercomputing Center. The ultimate goal of this project is defining a computational model of the myocardium. The model takes into account the deep interrelation between the anatomy and the mechanics of the heart. The paper explains the workflow of the MIOCARDIA project. It also introduces a multiresolution reconstruction technique based on DT-MRI streamlining for simplified global myocardial model generation. Our reconstructions can restore the most complex myocardial structures and provides evidences of a global helical organization.  
  Address Barcelona; Spain  
  Corporate Author Association for Computing Machinery Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Barcelona, Spain Editor (up) Association for Computing Machinery  
  Language english Summary Language english Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN 978-1-4503-0913-4 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ISABEL  
  Notes IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GGB2011 Serial 1691  
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Author Jaume Garcia; Debora Gil; Aura Hernandez-Sabate edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Endowing Canonical Geometries to Cardiac Structures Type Book Chapter
  Year 2010 Publication Statistical Atlases And Computational Models Of The Heart Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 6364 Issue Pages 124-133  
  Keywords  
  Abstract International conference on Cardiac electrophysiological simulation challenge
In this paper, we show that canonical (shape-based) geometries can be endowed to cardiac structures using tubular coordinates defined over their medial axis. We give an analytic formulation of these geometries by means of B-Splines. Since B-Splines present vector space structure PCA can be applied to their control points and statistical models relating boundaries and the interior of the anatomical structures can be derived. We demonstrate the applicability in two cardiac structures, the 3D Left Ventricular volume, and the 2D Left-Right ventricle set in 2D Short Axis view.
 
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer Berlin / Heidelberg Place of Publication Editor (up) Camara, O.; Pop, M.; Rhode, K.; Sermesant, M.; Smith, N.; Young, A.  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Lecture Notes in Computer Science Abbreviated Series Title LNCS  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GGH2010b Serial 1515  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Carles Sanchez edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title Tracheal ring detection in bronchoscopy Type Report
  Year 2011 Publication CVC Technical Report Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 168 Issue Pages  
  Keywords Bronchoscopy, tracheal ring, segmentation  
  Abstract Endoscopy is the process in which a camera is introduced inside a human.
Given that endoscopy provides realistic images (in contrast to other modalities) and allows non-invase minimal intervention procedures (which can aid in diagnosis and surgical interventions), its use has spreaded during last decades.
In this project we will focus on bronchoscopic procedures, during which the camera is introduced through the trachea in order to have a diagnostic of the patient. The diagnostic interventions are focused on: degree of stenosis (reduction in tracheal area), prosthesis or early diagnosis of tumors. In the first case, assessment of the luminal area and the calculation of the diameters of the tracheal rings are required. A main limitation is that all the process is done by hand,
which means that the doctor takes all the measurements and decisions just by looking at the screen. As far as we know there is no computational framework for helping the doctors in the diagnosis.
This project will consist of analysing bronchoscopic videos in order to extract useful information for the diagnostic of the degree of stenosis. In particular we will focus on segmentation of the tracheal rings. As a result of this project several strategies (for detecting tracheal rings) had been implemented in order to compare their performance.
 
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis Master's thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor (up) Debora Gil, F.Javier Sanchez  
  Language english Summary Language english Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM;MV Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ San2011 Serial 1841  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Patricia Marquez edit  isbn
openurl 
  Title A Confidence Framework for the Assessment of Optical Flow Performance Type Book Whole
  Year 2015 Publication PhD Thesis, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona-CVC Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Optical Flow (OF) is the input of a wide range of decision support systems such as car driver assistance, UAV guiding or medical diagnose. In these real situations, the absence of ground truth forces to assess OF quality using quantities computed from either sequences or the computed optical flow itself. These quantities are generally known as Confidence Measures, CM. Even if we have a proper confidence measure we still need a way to evaluate its ability to discard pixels with an OF prone to have a large error. Current approaches only provide a descriptive evaluation of the CM performance but such approaches are not capable to fairly compare different confidence measures and optical flow algorithms. Thus, it is of prime importance to define a framework and a general road map for the evaluation of optical flow performance.

This thesis provides a framework able to decide which pairs “ optical flow – confidence measure” (OF-CM) are best suited for optical flow error bounding given a confidence level determined by a decision support system. To design this framework we cover the following points:

Descriptive scores. As a first step, we summarize and analyze the sources of inaccuracies in the output of optical flow algorithms. Second, we present several descriptive plots that visually assess CM capabilities for OF error bounding. In addition to the descriptive plots, given a plot representing OF-CM capabilities to bound the error, we provide a numeric score that categorizes the plot according to its decreasing profile, that is, a score assessing CM performance.
Statistical framework. We provide a comparison framework that assesses the best suited OF-CM pair for error bounding that uses a two stage cascade process. First of all we assess the predictive value of the confidence measures by means of a descriptive plot. Then, for a sample of descriptive plots computed over training frames, we obtain a generic curve that will be used for sequences with no ground truth. As a second step, we evaluate the obtained general curve and its capabilities to really reflect the predictive value of a confidence measure using the variability across train frames by means of ANOVA.

The presented framework has shown its potential in the application on clinical decision support systems. In particular, we have analyzed the impact of the different image artifacts such as noise and decay to the output of optical flow in a cardiac diagnose system and we have improved the navigation inside the bronchial tree on bronchoscopy.
 
  Address July 2015  
  Corporate Author Thesis Ph.D. thesis  
  Publisher Ediciones Graficas Rey Place of Publication Editor (up) Debora Gil; Aura Hernandez  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN 978-84-943427-2-1 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM; 600.075 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ Mar2015 Serial 2687  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Antonio Esteban Lansaque edit  isbn
openurl 
  Title An Endoscopic Navigation System for Lung Cancer Biopsy Type Book Whole
  Year 2019 Publication PhD Thesis, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona-CVC Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Lung cancer is one of the most diagnosed cancers among men and women. Actually,
lung cancer accounts for 13% of the total cases with a 5-year global survival
rate in patients. Although Early detection increases survival rate from 38% to 67%, accurate diagnosis remains a challenge. Pathological confirmation requires extracting a sample of the lesion tissue for its biopsy. The preferred procedure for tissue biopsy is called bronchoscopy. A bronchoscopy is an endoscopic technique for the internal exploration of airways which facilitates the performance of minimal invasive interventions with low risk for the patient. Recent advances in bronchoscopic devices have increased their use for minimal invasive diagnostic and intervention procedures, like lung cancer biopsy sampling. Despite the improvement in bronchoscopic device quality, there is a lack of intelligent computational systems for supporting in-vivo clinical decision during examinations. Existing technologies fail to accurately reach the lesion due to several aspects at intervention off-line planning and poor intra-operative guidance at exploration time. Existing guiding systems radiate patients and clinical staff,might be expensive and achieve a suboptimlal 70% of yield boost. Diagnostic yield could be improved reducing radiation and costs by developing intra-operative support systems able to guide the bronchoscopist to the lesion during the intervention. The goal of this PhD thesis is to develop an image-based navigation systemfor intra-operative guidance of bronchoscopists to a target lesion across a path previously planned on a CT-scan. We propose a 3D navigation system which uses the anatomy of video bronchoscopy frames to locate the bronchoscope within the airways. Once the bronchoscope is located, our navigation system is able to indicate the bifurcation which needs to be followed to reach the lesion. In order to facilitate an off-line validation
as realistic as possible, we also present a method for augmenting simulated virtual bronchoscopies with the appearance of intra-operative videos. Experiments performed on augmented and intra-operative videos, prove that our algorithm can be speeded up for an on-line implementation in the operating room.
 
  Address October 2019  
  Corporate Author Thesis Ph.D. thesis  
  Publisher Ediciones Graficas Rey Place of Publication Editor (up) Debora Gil; Carles Sanchez  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN 978-84-121011-0-2 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ Est2019 Serial 3392  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author David Roche edit  openurl
  Title A Statistical Framework for Terminating Evolutionary Algorithms at their Steady State Type Book Whole
  Year 2015 Publication PhD Thesis, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona-CVC Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract As any iterative technique, it is a necessary condition a stop criterion for terminating Evolutionary Algorithms (EA). In the case of optimization methods, the algorithm should stop at the time it has reached a steady state so it can not improve results anymore. Assessing the reliability of termination conditions for EAs is of prime importance. A wrong or weak stop criterion can negatively a ect both the computational e ort and the nal result.
In this Thesis, we introduce a statistical framework for assessing whether a termination condition is able to stop EA at its steady state. In one hand a numeric approximation to steady states to detect the point in which EA population has lost its diversity has been presented for EA termination. This approximation has been applied to di erent EA paradigms based on diversity and a selection of functions covering the properties most relevant for EA convergence. Experiments show that our condition works regardless of the search space dimension and function landscape and Di erential Evolution (DE) arises as the best paradigm. On the other hand, we use a regression model in order to determine the requirements ensuring that a measure derived from EA evolving population is related to the distance to the optimum in xspace.
Our theoretical framework is analyzed across several benchmark test functions
and two standard termination criteria based on function improvement in f-space and EA population x-space distribution for the DE paradigm. Results validate our statistical framework as a powerful tool for determining the capability of a measure for terminating EA and select the x-space distribution as the best-suited for accurately stopping DE in real-world applications.
 
  Address July 2015  
  Corporate Author Thesis Ph.D. thesis  
  Publisher Ediciones Graficas Rey Place of Publication Editor (up) Debora Gil; Jesus Giraldo  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM; 600.075 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ Roc2015 Serial 2686  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Debora Gil; Jordi Gonzalez; Gemma Sanchez (eds) edit  isbn
openurl 
  Title Computer Vision: Advances in Research and Development Type Book Whole
  Year 2007 Publication Proceedings of the 2nd CVC International Workshop Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher UAB Place of Publication Bellaterra (Spain) Editor (up) Debora Gil; Jordi Gonzalez; Gemma Sanchez  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title 2 Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN 978-84-935251-4-9 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM; ISE; DAG Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GGS2007 Serial 1493  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Sergio Vera edit  isbn
openurl 
  Title Anatomic Registration based on Medial Axis Parametrizations Type Book Whole
  Year 2015 Publication PhD Thesis, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona-CVC Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Image registration has been for many years the gold standard method to bring two images into correspondence. It has been used extensively in the eld of medical imaging in order to put images of di erent patients into a common overlapping spatial position. However, medical image registration is a slow, iterative optimization process, where many variables and prone to fall into the pit traps local minima.
A coordinate system parameterizing the interior of organs is a powerful tool for a systematic localization of injured tissue. If the same coordinate values are assigned to speci c anatomical sites, parameterizations ensure integration of data across different medical image modalities. Harmonic mappings have been used to produce parametric meshes over the surface of anatomical shapes, given their ability to set values at speci c locations through boundary conditions. However, most of the existing implementations in medical imaging restrict to either anatomical surfaces, or the depth coordinate with boundary conditions is given at discrete sites of limited geometric diversity.
The medial surface of the shape can be used to provide a continuous basis for the de nition of a depth coordinate. However, given that di erent methods for generation of medial surfaces generate di erent manifolds, not all of them are equally suited to be the basis of radial coordinate for a parameterization. It would be desirable that the medial surface will be smooth, and robust to surface shape noise, with low number of spurious branches or surfaces.
In this thesis we present methods for computation of smooth medial manifolds and apply them to the generation of for anatomical volumetric parameterization that extends current harmonic parameterizations to the interior anatomy using information provided by the volume medial surface. This reference system sets a solid base for creating anatomical models of the anatomical shapes, and allows comparing several patients in a common framework of reference.
 
  Address November 2015  
  Corporate Author Thesis Ph.D. thesis  
  Publisher Ediciones Graficas Rey Place of Publication Editor (up) Debora Gil; Miguel Angel Gonzalez Ballester  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN 978-84-943427-8-3 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM; 600.075 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ Ver2015 Serial 2708  
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Author Josep Llados; Ernest Valveny; Gemma Sanchez; Enric Marti edit   pdf
url  doi
isbn  openurl
  Title Symbol recognition: current advances and perspectives Type Book Chapter
  Year 2002 Publication Graphics Recognition Algorithms And Applications Abbreviated Journal LNCS  
  Volume 2390 Issue Pages 104-128  
  Keywords  
  Abstract The recognition of symbols in graphic documents is an intensive research activity in the community of pattern recognition and document analysis. A key issue in the interpretation of maps, engineering drawings, diagrams, etc. is the recognition of domain dependent symbols according to a symbol database. In this work we first review the most outstanding symbol recognition methods from two different points of view: application domains and pattern recognition methods. In the second part of the paper, open and unaddressed problems involved in symbol recognition are described, analyzing their current state of art and discussing future research challenges. Thus, issues such as symbol representation, matching, segmentation, learning, scalability of recognition methods and performance evaluation are addressed in this work. Finally, we discuss the perspectives of symbol recognition concerning to new paradigms such as user interfaces in handheld computers or document database and WWW indexing by graphical content.  
  Address London, UK  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer-Verlag Place of Publication Editor (up) Dorothea Blostein and Young- Bin Kwon  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Lecture Notes in Computer Science Abbreviated Series Title LNCS  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN 3-540-44066-6 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference GREC  
  Notes DAG; IAM; Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ LVS2002 Serial 1572  
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