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Author Angels Barbera; Ruth Marginet Flinch; Montserrat Martin; Jose L Mate; Albert Oriol; Fina Martinez-Soler; Tomas Santalucia; Pedro L. Fernandez edit  url
doi  openurl
  Title The Immunohistochemical Expression of Programmed Death Ligand 1 Type Journal Article
  Year 2020 Publication Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology Abbreviated Journal (up) AIMM  
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  Abstract Humanized antibodies targeting programmed death receptor 1 (PD-1) or its ligand (PD-L1) have been approved for the treatment of different cancers. Some of these antibodies show a correlation between the tissue expression of PD-L1 and response. Evaluation of PD-L1 expression presents multiple challenges, but some preanalytical issues such as tissue fixation have been scarcely evaluated. With the hypothesis that immunohistochemical staining of PD-L1 may be impacted by the time of specimen fixation, we evaluated differences in its expression in tonsil samples exposed to predefined fixation times. Random nontumoral tonsillectomy specimens were blindly evaluated in tissue microarray slides after staining with SP142 and SP263 antibodies. With fixation times ranging from 12 to 72 hours, between 2.8% and 6.1% of the samples were considered to be suboptimally stained, with no differences between the 2 antibodies within these fixation times. A significantly higher proportion of samples exposed to a fixation time of 96 hours presented suboptimal immunostaining (15.6%, P<0.0001). In addition, suboptimally stained spots were 20.8% using SP142 and 10.4% using SP263 after 96 hours of fixation (P=0.046). In conclusion, the quality of staining for PD-L1 in tonsil samples decreased with overfixation of the specimen at times >72 hours. Samples exposed to formaldehyde for longer periods presented suboptimal results for both clones, but the SP142 antibody presented a significantly lower tolerance to formalin overexposure than SP263. These results indicate the relevance of a controlled preanalytical processing of samples and particularly the length of fixation of tumor specimens.  
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  Notes IAM; 600.139; 600.145 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ BMM2020 Serial 3470  
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Author Maurizio Mencuccini; Jordi Martinez-Vilalta; Josep Piñol; Lasse Loepfe; Mireia Burnat ; Xavier Alvarez; Juan Camacho; Debora Gil edit   pdf
url  doi
openurl 
  Title A quantitative and statistically robust method for the determination of xylem conduit spatial distribution Type Journal Article
  Year 2010 Publication American Journal of Botany Abbreviated Journal (up) AJB  
  Volume 97 Issue 8 Pages 1247-1259  
  Keywords Geyer; hydraulic conductivity; point pattern analysis; Ripley; Spatstat; vessel clusters; xylem anatomy; xylem network  
  Abstract Premise of the study: Because of their limited length, xylem conduits need to connect to each other to maintain water transport from roots to leaves. Conduit spatial distribution in a cross section plays an important role in aiding this connectivity. While indices of conduit spatial distribution already exist, they are not well defined statistically. * Methods: We used point pattern analysis to derive new spatial indices. One hundred and five cross-sectional images from different species were transformed into binary images. The resulting point patterns, based on the locations of the conduit centers-of-area, were analyzed to determine whether they departed from randomness. Conduit distribution was then modeled using a spatially explicit stochastic model. * Key results: The presence of conduit randomness, uniformity, or aggregation depended on the spatial scale of the analysis. The large majority of the images showed patterns significantly different from randomness at least at one spatial scale. A strong phylogenetic signal was detected in the spatial variables. * Conclusions: Conduit spatial arrangement has been largely conserved during evolution, especially at small spatial scales. Species in which conduits were aggregated in clusters had a lower conduit density compared to those with uniform distribution. Statistically sound spatial indices must be employed as an aid in the characterization of distributional patterns across species and in models of xylem water transport. Point pattern analysis is a very useful tool in identifying spatial patterns.  
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  Notes IAM; Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ MMG2010 Serial 1623  
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Author Mireia Sole; Joan Blanco; Debora Gil; Gothami Fonseka; Richard Frodsham; Oliver Valero; Francesca Vidal; Zaida Sarrate edit  openurl
  Title Análisis 3d de la territorialidad cromosómica en células espermatogénicas: explorando la infertilidad desde un nuevo prisma Type Journal
  Year 2017 Publication Revista Asociación para el Estudio de la Biología de la Reproducción Abbreviated Journal (up) ASEBIR  
  Volume 22 Issue 2 Pages 105  
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  Notes IAM; 600.096; 600.145 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ SBG2017d Serial 3042  
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Author David Roche; Debora Gil; Jesus Giraldo edit  doi
openurl 
  Title Mechanistic analysis of the function of agonists and allosteric modulators: Reconciling two-state and operational models Type Journal Article
  Year 2013 Publication British Journal of Pharmacology Abbreviated Journal (up) BJP  
  Volume 169 Issue 6 Pages 1189-202  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Two-state and operational models of both agonism and allosterism are compared to identify and characterize common pharmacological parameters. To account for the receptor-dependent basal response, constitutive receptor activity is considered in the operational models. By arranging two-state models as the fraction of active receptors and operational models as the fractional response relative to the maximum effect of the system, a one-by-one correspondence between parameters is found. The comparative analysis allows a better understanding of complex allosteric interactions. In particular, the inclusion of constitutive receptor activity in the operational model of allosterism allows the characterization of modulators able to lower the basal response of the system; that is, allosteric modulators with negative intrinsic efficacy. Theoretical simulations and overall goodness of fit of the models to simulated data suggest that it is feasible to apply the models to experimental data and constitute one step forward in receptor theory formalism.  
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  Notes IAM; 600.044; 605.203 Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ RGG2013b Serial 2195  
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Author Enric Marti; Carme Julia; Debora Gil edit  doi
openurl 
  Title A PBL Experience in the Teaching of Computer Graphics Type Journal Article
  Year 2006 Publication Computer Graphics Forum Abbreviated Journal (up) CGF  
  Volume 25 Issue 1 Pages 95-103  
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  Abstract Project-Based Learning (PBL) is an educational strategy to improve student’s learning capability that, in recent years, has had a progressive acceptance in undergraduate studies. This methodology is based on solving a problem or project in a student working group. In this way, PBL focuses on learning the necessary tools to correctly find a solution to given problems. Since the learning initiative is transferred to the student, the PBL method promotes students own abilities. This allows a better assessment of the true workload that carries out the student in the subject. It follows that the methodology conforms to the guidelines of the Bologna document, which quantifies the student workload in a subject by means of the European credit transfer system (ECTS). PBL is currently applied in undergraduate studies needing strong practical training such as medicine, nursing or law sciences. Although this is also the case in engineering studies, amazingly, few experiences have been reported. In this paper we propose to use PBL in the educational organization of the Computer Graphics subjects in the Computer Science degree. Our PBL project focuses in the development of a C++ graphical environment based on the OpenGL libraries for visualization and handling of different graphical objects. The starting point is a basic skeleton that already includes lighting functions, perspective projection with mouse interaction to change the point of view and three predefined objects. Students have to complete this skeleton by adding their own functions to solve the project. A total number of 10 projects have been proposed and successfully solved. The exercises range from human face rendering to articulated objects, such as robot arms or puppets. In the present paper we extensively report the statement and educational objectives for two of the projects: solar system visualization and a chess game. We report our earlier educational experience based on the standard classroom theoretical, problem and practice sessions and the reasons that motivated searching for other learning methods. We have mainly chosen PBL because it improves the student learning initiative. We have applied the PBL educational model since the beginning of the second semester. The student’s feedback increases in his interest for the subject. We present a comparative study of the teachers’ and students’ workload between PBL and the classic teaching approach, which suggests that the workload increase in PBL is not as high as it seems.  
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  Publisher Computer Graphics Forum Place of Publication Computer Vision CenterComputer Science Department Escola Tcnica Superior d’Enginyeria (UAB), Edifi Editor  
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  Notes IAM;ADAS; Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ MJG2006a Serial 1607  
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Author Marta Diez-Ferrer; Debora Gil; Elena Carreño; Susana Padrones; Samantha Aso; Vanesa Vicens; Cubero Noelia; Rosa Lopez Lisbona; Carles Sanchez; Agnes Borras; Antoni Rosell edit  url
openurl 
  Title Positive Airway Pressure-Enhanced CT to Improve Virtual Bronchoscopic Navigation Type Journal Article
  Year 2016 Publication Chest Journal Abbreviated Journal (up) CHEST  
  Volume 150 Issue 4 Pages 1003A  
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  Notes IAM; 600.096; 600.075 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ DGC2016 Serial 3099  
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Author Jorge Bernal; F. Javier Sanchez; Gloria Fernandez-Esparrach; Debora Gil; Cristina Rodriguez de Miguel; Fernando Vilariño edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title WM-DOVA Maps for Accurate Polyp Highlighting in Colonoscopy: Validation vs. Saliency Maps from Physicians Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Computerized Medical Imaging and Graphics Abbreviated Journal (up) CMIG  
  Volume 43 Issue Pages 99-111  
  Keywords Polyp localization; Energy Maps; Colonoscopy; Saliency; Valley detection  
  Abstract We introduce in this paper a novel polyp localization method for colonoscopy videos. Our method is based on a model of appearance for polyps which defines polyp boundaries in terms of valley information. We propose the integration of valley information in a robust way fostering complete, concave and continuous boundaries typically associated to polyps. This integration is done by using a window of radial sectors which accumulate valley information to create WMDOVA1 energy maps related with the likelihood of polyp presence. We perform a double validation of our maps, which include the introduction of two new databases, including the first, up to our knowledge, fully annotated database with clinical metadata associated. First we assess that the highest value corresponds with the location of the polyp in the image. Second, we show that WM-DOVA energy maps can be comparable with saliency maps obtained from physicians' fixations obtained via an eye-tracker. Finally, we prove that our method outperforms state-of-the-art computational saliency results. Our method shows good performance, particularly for small polyps which are reported to be the main sources of polyp miss-rate, which indicates the potential applicability of our method in clinical practice.  
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  ISSN 0895-6111 ISBN Medium  
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  Notes MV; IAM; 600.047; 600.060; 600.075 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ BSF2015 Serial 2609  
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Author Debora Gil; David Roche; Agnes Borras; Jesus Giraldo edit  doi
openurl 
  Title Terminating Evolutionary Algorithms at their Steady State Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Computational Optimization and Applications Abbreviated Journal (up) COA  
  Volume 61 Issue 2 Pages 489-515  
  Keywords Evolutionary algorithms; Termination condition; Steady state; Differential evolution  
  Abstract Assessing the reliability of termination conditions for evolutionary algorithms (EAs) is of prime importance. An erroneous or weak stop criterion can negatively affect both the computational effort and the final result. We introduce a statistical framework for assessing whether a termination condition is able to stop an EA at its steady state, so that its results can not be improved anymore. We use a regression model in order to determine the requirements ensuring that a measure derived from EA evolving population is related to the distance to the optimum in decision variable space. Our framework is analyzed across 24 benchmark test functions and two standard termination criteria based on function fitness value in objective function space and EA population decision variable space distribution for the differential evolution (DE) paradigm. Results validate our framework as a powerful tool for determining the capability of a measure for terminating EA and the results also identify the decision variable space distribution as the best-suited for accurately terminating DE in real-world applications.  
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  Publisher Springer US Place of Publication Editor  
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  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0926-6003 ISBN Medium  
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  Notes IAM; 600.044; 605.203; 600.060; 600.075 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ GRB2015 Serial 2560  
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Author David Roche; Debora Gil; Jesus Giraldo edit  url
doi  openurl
  Title Multiple active receptor conformation, agonist efficacy and maximum effect of the system: the conformation-based operational model of agonism, Type Journal Article
  Year 2013 Publication Drug Discovery Today Abbreviated Journal (up) DDT  
  Volume 18 Issue 7-8 Pages 365-371  
  Keywords  
  Abstract The operational model of agonism assumes that the maximum effect a particular receptor system can achieve (the Em parameter) is fixed. Em estimates are above but close to the asymptotic maximum effects of endogenous agonists. The concept of Em is contradicted by superagonists and those positive allosteric modulators that significantly increase the maximum effect of endogenous agonists. An extension of the operational model is proposed that assumes that the Em parameter does not necessarily have a single value for a receptor system but has multiple values associated to multiple active receptor conformations. The model provides a mechanistic link between active receptor conformation and agonist efficacy, which can be useful for the analysis of agonist response under different receptor scenarios.  
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  Publisher Elsevier Place of Publication Editor  
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  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM; 600.057; 600.054 Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ RGG2013a Serial 2190  
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Author Alberto Hidalgo; Ferran Poveda; Enric Marti;Debora Gil;Albert Andaluz; Francesc Carreras; Manuel Ballester edit   pdf
url  doi
openurl 
  Title Evidence of continuous helical structure of the cardiac ventricular anatomy assessed by diffusion tensor imaging magnetic resonance multiresolution tractography Type Journal Article
  Year 2012 Publication European Radiology Abbreviated Journal (up) ECR  
  Volume 3 Issue 1 Pages 361-362  
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  Abstract Deep understanding of myocardial structure linking morphology and func- tion of the heart would unravel crucial knowledge for medical and surgical clinical procedures and studies. Diffusion tensor MRI provides a discrete measurement of the 3D arrangement of myocardial fibres by the observation of local anisotropic
diffusion of water molecules in biological tissues. In this work, we present a multi- scale visualisation technique based on DT-MRI streamlining capable of uncovering additional properties of the architectural organisation of the heart. Methods and Materials: We selected the John Hopkins University (JHU) Canine Heart Dataset, where the long axis cardiac plane is aligned with the scanner’s Z- axis. Their equipment included a 4-element passed array coil emitting a 1.5 T. For DTI acquisition, a 3D-FSE sequence is apply. We used 200 seeds for full-scale tractography, while we applied a MIP mapping technique for simplified tractographic reconstruction. In this case, we reduced each DTI 3D volume dimensions by order- two magnitude before streamlining.
Our simplified tractographic reconstruction method keeps the main geometric features of fibres, allowing for an easier identification of their global morphological disposition, including the ventricular basal ring. Moreover, we noticed a clearly visible helical disposition of the myocardial fibres, in line with the helical myocardial band ventricular structure described by Torrent-Guasp. Finally, our simplified visualisation with single tracts identifies the main segments of the helical ventricular architecture.
DT-MRI makes possible the identification of a continuous helical architecture of the myocardial fibres, which validates Torrent-Guasp’s helical myocardial band ventricular anatomical model.
 
  Address Viena, Austria  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer Link Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1869-4101 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ HPM2012 Serial 1858  
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